Part I Listening Comprehension (30%)
Directions: In this section you will hear fifteen short conversations between two speakers.At the end of each conversation, you will hear a question about what is said. The questionwill be read only once. After you hear the question,read the four possible answer marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
1.M: I need a doctor right now.
W:Tell me the problem,sir.
M:My wife just passed out.
W: Sir, it's difficult to understand you. Please take a deep breath and calm down.
Q:Why does the man make the call?
2. W: The Siberian tigers are the largest living animals in the cat family. Unfortunately, there are only a few hundred alive now.
M:My great grandfather was a hunter and he used to hunt the Siberian tigers. I really wish he hadn't.
Q: What are the two speakers talking about?
3.W:You look so bad.What's up?
M: My head is spinning. I had a bunch of my friends over last night and we partied until the wee hours. I guess I just can't take late nights like I used to.
Q:What is true about the man?
4.W: Would you like to hear about my new business proposal? I've been thinking about it for a long time, and I think it could be really profitable to start exporting medical 3D printers to China.
M: Exporting medical 3D printers to China? I think you need to elaborate.
Q:What is the woman asked to do?
5. M: Good afternoon. Have a seat. So, what have you come in for today?
W:Thank you. I'm feeling ill. I've got quite a bad cough, but I don't seem to have a fever.While I've also got a headache and a little bit of diarrhea.
Q:Which of the following is not a symptom that the woman has?
6. M:Let's eat out tonight, shall we?
W:I'm broke. I've gone through my paycheck for the week already.
M:Don't worry about it. It's my treat.
Q:What can be inferred from the conversation?
7. W: I reserved a tennis court, but it's taken over by someone else.
M: Yes, Ma'am, I understand. But we have a policy that if a party is more than fifteen minutes late for a starting time, we schedule the court for other waiting guests.
Q:What can we learn from the conversation?
8. M:Jenny, I know you like Jack a lot, but what do you like about him?
W:Well,he's gentle, patient, successful and mature. I think he's my Mr.Right.
M:Mature is a good word, but don't you think he's a little old for you? He's almost twice as old as you are.
Q:What is the man concerned about?
9. W: Hi,Tony, this is my son, Philipe. There was a problem with his daycare today, so he'll be spending the day here in the lab with me. I'll teach him all about doing research.
M:Well,I'm not sure this is a good place for a little boy.
Q: What does the man mean?
10. M: How strong is the pain exactly? On a scale of one to ten,how would you describe the intensity of the pain?
W:Well,I'd say the pain is about a one on a scale of one to ten, like I say it's not really bad. It just keeps coming back.
Q:Which of the following would best describe the woman's pain?
11. W:Neither my ankle nor my elbow is broken? Not even a little bit?
M: Neither of them. They're both bruised but not broken. Here's the X-ray reports.
Q:What can we learn about the woman's injury?
12. M: Now would you please lie down on the couch? I'll take a look at the baby. I'll just measure to see what height it is. The baby seemed slightly small.
W: How do you know that?
M:I measure from the top of your womb to your pubic bone. The number of centimeters is roughly equal to the number of weeks you're pregnant.
Q:What does the man do?
13. W:Is there anything else I can do to help me sleep at night? Should I stay home from work?
M:Well,that's not necessary. Just remember to stay calm, Don't worry so much about things at work. Just do as I said and you'll sleep well.
Q:What is the woman expected to do?
14. M:I need to come in and see the doctor. I have really itchy skin and think I may have to have it looked at.
W: I have times available for Tuesday or Wednesday. Which one would work best for you?
M: I want to come in on Wednesday.
W: I can fit you in on that day at ten, Dr. Smith or Dr. Jones is available.
M:I would prefer Dr.Smith.
Q:What is the man's appointment?
15. M:Dr.White,I've been a cancer patient and a caregiver to a cancer patient. I know care giving was hard. What was going on emotionally that seems so hard?
W:Well, when you're caregiving, you're undergoing chronic stress. You're worrying about your loved one.
Q: What are the two speakers talking about?
Directions: In this section you will hear one dialogue and two passages.After each one, you will hear five questions. After each question, read the four possible answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
W: Mr.Baxter, may I ask you some questions?
W: Can I start at the beginning? Can I check your age?
W: What sort of work do you do?
M: I'm a teacher.
W: So,I can assume you haven't been exposed to any nasty toxic chemicals.
M: Well, we get films from a photocopier, but nothing else.
W: Well,now tell me how long you've been unwell.
M: Really,only about two weeks.
W: What were the main problems?
M: I just got weaker and weaker. I ran out of the energy and fainted in the clinic yesterday.
W: Have you got any bruising?
M: Yes, I noticed some on my thighs and one of my forearms, where I had my blood taken.
W: Oh,dear. Any bleeding from the gums?
W: Have you had any problem with infection recently?
M: No. Well, I had flu about two months ago.
W: Has anyone in your family had blood problems?
M: Well, my Granny had anemia and was treated with iron.
W: I was thinking of more serious blood diseases.
M: Not that I know of.
W: Are there any other things you think I should know about?
M: No.Do you think it is leukemia,Doctor?
W: Well, I've still got to take more blood to confirm the diagnosis, but I've seen the results of the previous test, and I'm afraid that is a 95 percent chance that it is leukemia. Have you any questions before we take the extra blood.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the dialogue you have just heard.
16. How old is the man?
17. What does the man do?
18. Where are the man's bruises?
19. What is the man probably suffering from?
20.Why does the woman want to administer another blood test?
Robots have been in the news a lot lately, and recent poll found that a third of the UK public is concerned that robot will take over their jobs. But what about robots in the home? One of the most popular robots for the home is a robot vacuum cleaner, which can automatically clean your home with very little human input. Nieto Robotics is a company started by a group of robotics engineers from Stanford University. They wanted to use robots to perform human chores at an affordable price. The technology they developed for their vacuum cleaners uses a laser guide system to map out the home in 360 degrees. This enables the machine to avoid obstacles and dangers like stairs. A lot of southern European countries are embracing this category and also in Scandinavia. The Scandinavian market has been very interesting. They've done a lot of research in trying to modernized their wealth,where they have a growing aging population and they are looking to deploy robotic vacuum cleaners in old people's homes to actually do the cleaning. And now almost 30 percent of the users are over 55 years of age.It's a very broad spectrum of people. In the UK, there has been a relatively slow adoption of robots in the home. I think maybe as a culture, we are a bit more skeptical on how good can these robots really perform and take the place of doing my vacuuming. I believe it will take a while before robots are able to do everything for us, at least in the UK. It's also depends on people's willingness to allow these machines into our daily lives.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
21. What was the concern in the recent poll?
22. What can we learn about the Nieto robot vacuum cleaner?
23. What is the major reason behind the popularity of the cleaner in the Scandinavian markets?
24. How do people in the UK reacts to the robot vacuum cleaner?
25. What is important to the wide used of robots in the future?
We hear all the time that they're really bad for us, especially for teens, but we all drink them anyway. So are energy drinks really that bad? First, let's rewind back to 1997 when Red Bull became the first energy drink to reach the market in the US. Since then, energy drinks like Red Bull have skyrocketed in popularity. But things started getting intension in 2011, when the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that children should never drink energy drinks.
The reason why they were so worried? Caffeine. The caffeine is in a ton of things like coffee, tea,soda even chocolates and the dangers of caffeine really boil down to how much you have. A cup of coffee usually has between 95 to 200 milligrams of caffeine. So, for adults, the experts recommend no more than 400 milligrams a day and for kids no more than 100 milligrams.
So, a little bit of caffeine probably not that bad, but high doses can be lethal. Well, in 2011, a paper published in the journal Pediatrics reviewed the effects of energy drinks on children, adolescents and young adults. The research has found that age affects the body's response to caffeine and energy drinks to be especially risky for kids with heart problems, ADHD or diabetes. So, given these concerns, it may come as no surprise that some places have pushed the completely banning the sales of energy drinks to anyone under the age of 18.
As far as we can tell, that hasn't passed locally here in the US, but in 2014, Lithuania became the first country to actually banned the sale of energy drinks to anyone under the age of 18. But not everyone is a fan of these ideas. Some think these restrictions are unfair. If you aren't worried about selling coffee or tea to kids, why single out energy drinks? So, the American Beverage Association, the trade groups representing many of these energy drinks, came up with another idea, voluntary guidelines for labeling energy drinks.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. When did energy drink first appear in the American market?
27. When did come to caffeine, what seems to be the issue?
28. Which of the following findings is reported in the journal Pediatrics?
29. Why do some disagree with the restrictions on energy drinks to kids?
30. Which of the following can best describe the labeling guidelines from the American Beverage Association?